The Gobi Desert is a vast zone of desert and desert steppe covering almost 30% of the Mongolian territory and north eastern China. The desert stretches about 3,000 mi/4,830 km along both sides of the Chinese border. Desert is often imagined as a lifeless desert, similar to African deserts. In reality, most part of the Gobi Desert is a land of steppes and many camel breeders inhabit this zone as rich in wildlife and vegetation. It has herds of Bactrian camels (with two humps), wild horses and donkeys, as well as leopards, mountain sheep and ibexes. There is a lot of variety within the Gobi Desert, from wildlife parks and mountains to canyons with dramatic rockfaces. Once the site of an ancient inland sea, the area has dried up and then eroded over the eons, providing paleontologists with magnificent specimens of dinosaur fossils. The Mongolian say that there are 33 different Gobi from which sandy desert occupies 30% of the total area. Climate is extreme with +40° in summer and -40° in winter and very few precipitation. The Mongolian Government established the Great Gobi Desert Strictly Protected Area in 1975 and the United Nations designated the Gobi Desert in 1991 as the fourth largest Biosphere reserve in the world.emples and was once home to at least 300 monks.
Yoliin am is the narrow canyon of a river which flows through Zuun Saikhan Mountain, 62 kilometers north-west of Dalanzadgad town, the center of South Gobi province. It has been protected since 1965. The valley’s remnant streams create ice formations which you may find in the mouth of the valley as late as July. The mountains surrounding the valley also provide habitat for Argali wild sheep (one of the last wild great horned sheep) and ibex, which may be spotted in the early morning as they walk along the mountain ridges. Following the canyon to the high rock walls has breathtaking dramatic scenery, and no doubt is one of the most beautiful places in the country. Museum at the entrance of the valley.
A Mongolian largest sand dune named Khongoryn Els has an extraordinary length of 180 kilometers and 15-20 meters wide reaching a height of 800 meters in some highest areas lies on the northern part of the mountains of Sevrei and Zuulun. The huge sand dune is part of desert zone which takes up 2.7 % of the country’s territory. There is an oasis near Khongor River at the northern edge of the sand dune. The dunes make sounds like plane engines in a windy day, so it has been named the “Singing Dunes”.
Bayanzag, site of some most important paleontological discoveries, where Roy Chapman Andrews, the famous American paleontologist, and his expedition discovered in 1923 the first nest of dinosaur eggs the world had ever seen. Till present time, paleontologists from all over the world continue to discover unique paleontological foundings at this rich site.
The 1,751-meter high granite stone mountains in the territory of Adaatsag soum, Dundgobi aimag in Middle Gobi province is another place with unique scenery that many tourists compare with lunar scenes. The mountain contains remains of old temples. They are not only rich in minerals and crystals, but also eyes spring, old stone temple ruins related with 17th century.
The oasis is situated on the territory of the Adaatsag soum in Dundgobi province. There is a monastery, built by Mongolians on the small island of Lake Burd. It is said that Prince Danzanravjaa had performed his famous play “Saran Khukhuu” in this monastery.
The scarp of Tsagaan Suvarga is located in Ulziit soum. It is interesting to see the sheer slope, facing east, which from a distance seems to be the ruins of the ancient city. The cliff is 30 meters high and 100 meters wide. Over thousands of years the wind has created this amazing structure.
It is the ruin of a big monastery on the bank of the Ongiin River. This monastery has 28 temples and other buildings on the south slope of the Rocky Mountain like Balsa country and stupas which are not broken. This monastery had about 1,000 lamas and was destroyed during the Stalinist purges in 1930s.