Gorkhi-Terelj National Park, created in 1993, borders the Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area, and is one of the most visited protected areas. Terelj, on the Terelj River bank, is a spectacular valley with eroded rock formations, pine-covered mountains and grasslands carpeted with perennial wildflowers and edelweiss.
The park is located 80 km away from Ulaanbaatar and is one of the most beautiful places in Mongolia. There are also a huge number of adventure activities such as rafting, horseback riding, hiking, rock climbing, cross-country skiing, camping and mountain biking.
This mountain adorns the south side of Ulaanbaatar. It has enjoyed State protection since 1778, one of world’s first protected places. The Bogd Khan contains sacred mountains and rock carvings, over 300 plant varieties and animals such as boar, fox, hare, wolf, squirrel, eagles and woodpeckers. You can also visit the Manzushir Khiid, an 18th century monastery in the southern reserve. The Monastery overlooks a beautiful valley of streams and pine, birch trees, dotted with granite boulders. Established in 1733, it had over 20 temples and was once home to at least 300 monks.
Gun-Galuut is one of the most popular nature reserves of Mongolia. The Reserve is truly a marvelous combination of high mountains, colorful flowers, pretty lakes, rivers and wetlands with its famous rare species. It is a home to endangered wild Mountain sheep, Argali the Big Horns, White-napped crane, Siberian White Crane, Hooded Crane, the rare Black stork, Asian heron, Whooper swan, Swan Goose and more. Over 80 Argali sheep inhabit peacefully in Gun-Galuut now. Tourists visiting the Nature Reserve have the opportunities of watching and taking photos of the endangered species, rafting and fishing in the lakes and rivers, camping in beautiful and peaceful nature, visiting a nomadic family, riding horse, yak and camel and being introduced to traditional nomadic lifestyle and culture.
The Khustai National Park has an area of 50,620 hectares and is located 95 km west of the capital Ulaanbaatar. Run by the Mongolian Association for the Conservation of Nature and the Environment (MACNE), with the cooperation of the Foundation Reserves for the Przewalski Horse (FRPH) and the support of the Dutch government, one of the park’s main goals is to reintroduce the Takhi, the last remaining wild horse worldwide. Also called the Przewalski horse (named after the Polish explorer who first ‘discovered’ the horse in 1878), the horse numbers were greatly reduced after poachers killed them for meat, and overgrazing and development reduced their fodder and breeding grounds. In the last 10 years, the Takhi has been increased to more than 200 horses.