This is in the Western Lakes Basin and since 1994 totals 7,716 km. in 4 separate tracts: Uvs Lake, Tsagaan Shuvuut Mountain, Turgen Mountain and Altan Els (Golden Sands). The mountains have small glaciers and permanent snowfields, and are home to Argali, Siberian Marmot and Siberian Ibex. The lake basin of Uvs Nuur has spectacular landscapes, and more extreme ranges of ecological zones than perhaps anywhere else in the World: perpetual snows and permafrost of the Turgen Mountain to the desert sands of Altan Els (Golden Sands), the lake basin displays all the major ecological zones of Central Asia.
The mountains have eternal snow. Kharkhiraa Mountain reaches 4,038 meters above sea level, and Turgen Mountain 3,965 meters.
One of the largest lakes of Mongolia, the surface of Uvs Lake is 743 meters above the sea level. The width and length are the same, 80 kilometers covering 3,350 square kilometers with clear but brackish water, a land-locked Inland Sea. The Nariin, Sagil, Borshoo and Khundlen rivers enter, but none drain out. It is a magnet for birds; over 220 species are recorded, including Osprey, White-tailed Eagle, and Black Stork. Over 100 pairs of Spoonbill nest in the vicinity, also Great White Heron, Whooper Swan, Great Black-headed Gull, White-headed Gull and Black Stork.
It is a one Mongolia’s largest lakes, covering 1,406 square kilometers. It is 75 kilometers long, 31 kilometers wide and 80 meters deep. The lake surface is at 1,028 meters above the sea level. The water is brackish and has rare fish such as Mongolian Grayling.
This is a lake between Tsagaan Shuvuut and Turgen Mountains. 1,426 meters above sea level, covering 237 sq.km. It is brackish, 42 meters deep.
Khar us is a lake in Umnugobi soum, 1,597 meters above the sea level. The water is a brackish, and replenished by water from the Orlogo River which rises from the eternal snows of the mountain of Kharkhiraa.
Achit Lake is one of the largest lakes of Mongolia, covering 311 sq.km. It is between Kharkhiraa Mountain and Turgen Mountain, at 1,464 meters above sea level.
Bayan-Ulgii is Mongolia ‘s “Roof of the World”, a remote land of high mountains, even glaciers, steep slopes and rushing torrents. The territory of the province is covered by high mountains of the Mongol Altai Mountain Range. These are mountains with eternal snow and glaciers. The majority of the people are Kazakhs. Many Kazakhs still hunt with their trained Golden Eagles in the winter months.
This National Park includes very high peaks, with eternal snow and glaciers in the far west of Mongolia. The National Park includes 636,200 hectares in Bayan-Ulgii province including Tsengel Soum, Ulaanhus Soum, Sagsai Soum and Altai Soum. Altai Tavan Bogd and Tsambagarav Mountains are the highest peaks of the West Altai mountain chain. Huiten Peak in Altai Tavan Bogd is the highest point of Mongolia, reaching 4,374 meters above the sea level. Altai Tavan Bogd became a protected site in 1996.
Khovd province is a world apart, where snow-clad peaks feed torrential rivers, breaking out of high mountains to feed land-locked lakes, fresh then salty, in the huge hot Lakes Depression of Western Mongolia. Khovd province has the highest peaks of the Mongol Altai Mountain Range, such as Munkh Khairkhan, Khukh Serkh, Tsambagarav, all reaching over 4,000 meters above sea level.